Campaigns Jahangir used both military force and diplomacy in trying to
secure the surrender of Maharana Pratap’s successor, Amar Singh. A new
phase opened in Mughal-Mewar relations. Both rulers showed understanding
towards each other and concluded peace (1615). After Mewar, the Deccan
was Jahangir’s main concern. But Malik Ambar (a Habshi or Abyssinian
slave) of Ahmadnagar pursued his guerrilla tactics with greater vigour and
Mughal invasions were repeatedly beaten back.
Rebellions In 1606 Jahangir’s son, Khusrau, revolted, but was defeated and
imprisoned. One of Khusrau’s. well-wishers, Guru Arjun (5th guru of the
Sikhs), was beheaded. Later Khusrau was blinded in order to disqualify him
permanently from gaining the throne. Khusrau died at Burhanpur in 1621 in
the custody of Khurram. His youngest brother, Shahryar, was incompetent,
although his betrothal to Ladili Begum, Nur Jahan’s daughter by Sher
Afghan, made him the real contender to the throne.
When Iranians invaded Qandahar, Khurram was given the command to repel
the Iranis, but Khurram procrastinated. Shahryar was then commissioned to
lead the campaign against Qandahar, Finding no way out, Khurram rebelled
and marched towards Agra, Asaf Khan supported Khurram in the civil war
(1622–24) which lasted for more than three years, Khurram ultimately
surrendered and was pardoned.
Jahangir’s second son, Parvez, and Mahabat Khan, who had exhibited
considerable perseverance in crushing Khurram’s rebellion, now posed a
threat to Nur Jahan. Mahabat was transferred to Bengal as governor. Another
royal mandate ordered Mahabat to furnish an account of the large sums
forfeited to the government from the dismissal of disloyal jagirdars and
zamindars. Mahabat Khan realised that ruin stared him in the face. In 1625
Mahabat took control of the emperor and his camp. Nur Jahan began to
foment dissatisfaction against Mahabat, while Jahangir, under her direction,
also pretended to be grateful to Mahabat for freeing him from Nur Jahan. The
emperor persuaded Mahabat to let him review his troops and then assumed
command of them, forcing Mahabat to flee.
Jahangir’s declining health had diverted attention from him to his successor.
In 1627 the emperor died at Bhimbar in Kashmir. The emperor’s dead body
was sent from Bhimbar to Lahore           for burial in the Dilkusha garden of