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Kerala PSC Indian History Book Study Materials Page 1371Book's First Page
boys below the age of twelve, the slaughter of Mughal throne, was born in 1569 due to the blessings of Shaikh Salim Chisti, after whom the infant was named. His mother was a Kachchhwaha princess. But when prince Salim rebelled, in Allahabad in 1601, Akbar asked Abul Fazl to help deal with the rebellion. Abul Fazl rushed to the north, but Salim had him killed by the Bundela chief, Bir Singh, near Gwalior on his way to Agra. Salim had ignored his duties from 1591, refusing to lead an expedition either to the Deccan or to Transoxiana. Akbar’s mother, Hamida Banu Begum, and his aunt, Gulbadan Begum, interceded for the prince and softened Akbar’s resentment. The real threat to Salim’s accession came from his own son, Khusrau, born to Man Singh’s sister. Akbar did not want to pass over Salim in favour of Khusrau but saw in him a weapon to use against Salim. When Akbar fell seriously ill, court intrigues grew increasingly brisk. Finally when Akbar died in 1605, the conspiracy to set Salim aside petered out. Birbal Raja Birbal was a Brahmin and was a close associate of Emperor Akbar. His original name was Mahesh Das. He was born in 1528 and his father’s name was Ganga Das. Birbal was a great singer and poet in the court of Akbar. He was a master in Sanskrit, Persian and Hindi language. Akbar was highly influenced by him. Raja Birbal is perhaps the most brilliant of the legendary Nava Ratnas (Nine Jewels) of Akbar’s court. He was one of the few members of the Mughal Court to accept the Din-i-ilahi. It is often believed that because of the importance given to Birbal in the Mughal Court, other members of the court felt jealous of Raja Birbal. His wit was renowned. His witty replies coupled with his talent in Hindi verses raised his position in the imperial favour. Fantastic anecdotes of his bold and clever sallies are still remembered among people throughout this country. Birbal was extremely brilliant and became advisor to the Mughal Emperor. Though inexperienced, he even led some military campaigns on behalf of Akbar. Raja Birbal lost his life in one of the military expeditions. The dead body of Birbal could not be recovered and that caused immense grief to Akbar. Birbal died in 1586.