Division of the provinces into sarkars, which were under shiqdar-i-
shiqdaran (in-charge of law and order, general administration and criminal
justice) and munsif-i-munsifan (in-charge of local revenue and civil
Division of the sarkars into parganas, which were under shiqdar (law and
order, criminal justice, etc.) and munsif or amin (land revenue and civil
Division of the parganas into villages, under headmen; responsibility of
the local people for maintaining law and order in their localities.
By appointing two persons of equal rank at pargana and sarkar levels,
Sher Shah divided the executive functions thus ensuring balance of power.
And by assuming the power of appointment and dismissal of even
pargana and sarkar officials, he effected greater centralisation.
Revenue Administration
Assessment of land revenue on the basis of measurement of land.
Drawing up of schedules of crop rates on the basis of the quality of land.
Classification of land into three categories on the basis of their yield
(good, bad and middling).
Computation of the produce of three kinds of land and fixing 1/3rd of their
average as the land revenue.
Issuing of pattas to the peasants and the acquisition of qabuliyals from
Collection of a cess of two-and-half seers per bigha (unit of land from the
peasants for famine relief fund.
Military Administration
Dispensation of tribal levies, and beginning of direct recruitment of
Maintenance of chahra or descriptive rolls of soldiers and dagh or the
branding of horses.
Setting up of cantonments in different places and posting a garrison in
each of them.
Trade and Commerce
Building of new roads and restoration of old ones.
Building of sarais or rest houses     along the roads for the convenience of