tamed and trained. But his early death, from a fistula in 1552 dislocated the
administrative machinery. Before Humayun reconquered Delhi in 1555, three
different rulers were crowned. During this time the real power lay in the
hands of a Brahmin general, named Hemu.
On his way to Sind, Humayun happened to see Hamida Banu Begum,
daughter of his brother Hindal’s teacher, and married her. Accompanied by
Hamida, Humayun left for Jodhpur to seek Maldeva’s help. On the way they
passed through Amarkot, whose ruler, Rana Prasad, received them warmly;
there in 1542, Hamida gave birth to Akbar. Meanwhile Humayun was warned
by his ambassador at Maldeva’s court of the Raja’s designs to imprison him.
So he abandoned his journey to Jodhpur and set out for Qandahar. There
Askari also sought to imprison him. Humayun therefore set off to seek help
from Shah Tahmasp in Iran. After lot of vacillation, the Shah gave him a
force of 12,000 soldiers, with which he conquered Qandahar from Askari and
Kabul from Kamran. In the meanwhile the Sur dynasty was disintegrating
Humayun reconquered India by defeating the Afghans in 1555, but his
accidental death while coming down the steps of a library in 1556 cut short
his aspirations for consolidating Mughal suzerainty in India. Humayun was
neither a good general nor an efficient organiser, but was optimistic and
persevering. He was passionately devoted to the study of astronomy, loved
painting, and wrote Persian poetry.
Based on autocratic monarchy.
No actual powers to the ministers.
Constant supervision and control by the Sultan.
Its main defect was excessive centralisation.
Lack of enough information about provincial administration.