the ‘Gajabentakara’.
Reason (R): Deva Raya II has elephant as his royal emblem.
Assertion (A): Rama Raya, the de facto ruler during the time of later Tuluvas,
was successful to a great extent in playing off the Bahmani splinter states
against one another.
Reason (R): The Battle of Raksasa Tangadi or Talikota in 1565 is generally
considered to mark the end of the great age of Vijayanagar empire.
Assertion (A): The nayaka system of the Vijayanagar period increased the
control of the king over the provinces and local units of administration.
Reason (R): Under this system nayakas or palegars were granted amaram in
lieu-of salaries in return for their services to the state.
Assertion (A): According to Domingo Paes, devadasis held a highly
respectable position in the Vijayanagar society.
Reason (R): The devadasi system or the practice of attaching dancing girls to
temples came into existence in south India for the first time under
Vijayanagar rulers.
Assertion (A): Kabir preached the brotherhood of man and pleaded for
Hindu-Muslim unity.
Reason (R): He made a sharp criticism of the caste and religious distinctions
prevalent in his period.
Assertion (A): Guru Nanak laid great stress on the need of a guru for spiritual
Reason (R): He permitted his followers to form a new religious sect, called
Sikhism, during his lifetime.
Assertion (A): Ramdas Samarth, the spiritual guide of Sivaji, was a varakari.
Reason (R): His work, Dasabodha, gives advice to people on all aspects of
worldly life.
Assertion (A): Madhavacharya was the founder of Dvaitavada or philosophy
of dualism.
Reason (R): According to him, not only god but the world as well are real
and are irreducible to each other.
Assertion (A): The Chisti silsilah     was the most prominent and popular one