of this period were Kesavadasa, Chintamani, Mati Rama, Bihari, etc.
It emerged due to the interaction of Persian and Indian languages in the
military camps of Ala-ud-din Khalji. The Deccan was the cradle of Urdu and
the language flourished first in the kingdoms of Bijapur and Golconda. The
earliest available work in Deccani Urdu is a mystical prose treatise, Mira-jul-
Ashiqin by saint Gesu Daraz (early 15th century). Shah Miranji Shamsul
(Khush Namah) and Burhanuddin Janam (Irshad Namah) of Bijapur,
Muhammad Quli and Ghawasi (Tuti Namah) of Golconda were the most
famous Urdu writers of the Deccan. Urdu arrived in north India in a more
developed form during the Mughal period. Hatim, Mirza Jan-i-Janum, Mir
Taqi, Muhammad Rafi Sauda and Mir Hassan were the most important Urdu
writers of north India in the 18th century.
Although Oriya originated in the eighth century, major works in the language
appeared only in the 13th and 14th centuries. Important Oriya writers were
Sarladasa (Mahabharata in the 14th century), Balramadasa and
Jagannadadasa. Balaramadasa and Jagannadadasa belonged to a group known
as pancha sakha or the five associates, of the 15th century. The bhakti
movement of Chaitanya and the Vaishnava poets made a lasting influence on
Oriya literature.
The first stage covered the period between the 10th and 12th centuries. Its
literature was mainly in the form of folk songs and influenced by the
philosophy of the Sahaja cult. The second stage began with the Muslim
conquest of Bengal in the 13th century and continued till the end of the 17th
century. Three main trends in this stage were—Vaishnava poetry—important
poets were Chandidasa, Chaitnaya, Govindasa and Krishnadasa Kaviraja
(Chaitanya Charitamruta in 16th century); translations and adaptations from
classical Sanskrit-Kasirama (Mahabharata),