Madhwa & Nimbarka
Jnanadeva (13th century) He was the founder of the bhakti movement
in Maharashtra, called Maharashtra dharma. His work Jnanesvari (a
commentary on the Bhagavad Gita) earned him the title of ‘Jnanesvara’.
Namadeva (14th century) He preached the gospel of love and was
opposed to idol-worship and priestly domination. Vehemently opposed to
the caste system, his followers came from all castes.
Eknatha (16th century) He opposed caste distinctions and was
sympathetic to men of lower castes. He composed many abhangas (lyrical
poems) and was reputed for his bhajans and kirtans.
Tukaram (17th century) A contemporary of Sivaji and a great devotee
of Vithal of Pandharpur, he was responsible for creating a background for
Maratha nationalism. His conception of god resembled that of Kabir. He
did not believe in religious formalities and rituals and was against all
Samarth Ramdas (17th century) Unlike the others, he sought to
combine spiritual and practical life and evinced much interest in politics.
Hence he was a dharakari as