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Kerala PSC Indian History Book Study Materials Page 1305Book's First Page
of Delhi Sultans till its recovery by Rana Hammir (1314–78), one of the important Sisodia rulers, probably during the latter part of the reign of Muhammad bin Tughluq. Hammir’s long reign marked a new era in the history of Mewar. He extended the frontiers of his kingdom and his influence was recognised by the Rajput princes of the neighbouring territories. During the reign of Hammir’s successors the disintegration of the Delhi sultanate and the rise of independent Muslim kingdom in Malwa and Gujarat created a new political situation. Kshetrasimha (1378–1405), the son and successor of Hammir, had to fight against Dilawar Khan Ghuri of Malwa on two occasions, He was unfortunately killed in a family quarrel, and was succeeded by two weak rulers, Lakha and Mokala respectively. RANA KUMBHA KARAN (1438–68) He was one of the greatest rulers of Mewar in the medieval period. He was a brave soldier and first-rate general. Some contemporary inscriptions and a literary work, Ekalinga Mahatmya, speak eloquently of his military success against neighbouring Rajput princes. He carried on an incessant warfare against the Sultans of Malwa and Gujarat and scored some victories. Besides, he was a great patron of arts and learning, and was himself a scholar of no mean ability. He is said to have been proficient in the Vedas. Upanishads. Smritis. Mimamsa, vyakarna, politics and literature. He wrote a commentary on Jayadeva’s Gita Govinda and an explanation of the Chandisatakam. He was the author of four dramas in which he used Sanskrit, Prakrit and three vernaculars. He was also an accomplished musician and wrote several works on the science of music. Moreover, he took special interest in military architecture. He strengthened the defences of Chittor, built 32 forts and laid the foundation of a new fort at Kumbhalgarh. He also built a number of temples. The greatest architectural monument of his reign was, however, the Kirtistambha (Tower of Fame) built by him at Chittor in commemoration of his victory over Malwa. Kumbha was, however, murdered by his son, and during the latter’s reign and that of his successor (covering the period 1468–1509), Mewar was weakened by dissensions in the ruling family and invasion from Malwa.