annexed by Akbar in 1586.
                      ZAIN-UL ABIDIN (1420–70)
  Known as the Akbar of Kashmir, he gets the credit for undoing the wrongs
  done to the Hindus by Sikandar. Though he was an orthodox Muslim in
  his personal life, he reconstructed and repaired all the temples which had
  been destroyed earlier. He also conciliated and brought back many non-
  Muslims who had fled the valley. Besides, he proved to be a just and
  benevolent ruler. He took measures for improving the administration of
  justice and promoting economic prosperity. He dug irrigation canals, built
  bridges and founded several towns. Well-versed in Persian, Sanskrit,
  Tibetan and other languages, he had the Mahabharata and Kalhana’s
  Rajatarangini translated into Persian. Both Jonaraja and Srivara, who
  continued the Rajatarangini one after another and brought it down to the
  late 15th century, enjoyed his patronage.
  The later Shah Mirs were weak and became puppets in the hands of their
  nobles. Their nominal control was confined to the valley, while the
  outlying districts fell in to the hands of independent local rulers. Two
  parties of nobles known as Chaks and Makris, became rival contenders for
  political ascendancy. The dynasty was ultimately overthrown by the Chaks
  in 1561.
Rajasthan
Mewer
Mewar was an old principality of minor importance under the rule of the
Guhilot dynasty, with its capital at Nagda. One of its ruiers, Jaitra Singh
(1213–61) successfully resisted an invasion from Delhi under Iltutmish, but
Nagda was destroyed and Chittor had to be made the new capital. Ratnasimha
was more unfortunate, for he faced the invasion of his kingdom by Ala-ud-
din Khalji in 1303 and lost his capital. Consequently there was a change in
the line of rulers. Ratnasimha, who belonged to the elder branch of the
Guhilot dynasty, was overthrown and replaced by a member of the dynasty’s
junior branch, the Sisodia branch.       This Sisodia ruler retained a part of