control of the Sultan over the nobility and provincial governors. The
discontented nobles, particularly the ‘Deccani’ nobles who resented the rise
of ‘Afaqis’ or new arrivals from West Asia organised a conspiracy against
Gawan (who was an Afaqi) and managed to get a death sentence for alleged
treachery passed on him by the Sultan in 1481. After Gawan’s execution, the
Bahmani kingdom began to decline and disintegrate.
  Nizam Shahis of Ahmadnagar (1490–1633) Founded by Ahmad Bahri;
  later conquered and annexed by Shah Jahan (1633).
  Adil Shahis of Bijapur (1490–1686) Founded by Yusuf Adil Shah. Gol
  Gumbaz, a tomb with the world’s second largest dome (St. Paul’s church
  in Rome being the world’s largest) was built by one of the Adil Shahi
  rulers, Muhammed Adil Shah at Bijapur. It is also famous for the so-called
  ‘Whispering Gallery’. It was later conquered and annexed by Aurangzeb
  Imad Shahis of Berar (1490–1574) Founded by Fatullah Khan Imad-
  ul-mulk. Later it was conquered and annexed by one of the Nizam Shahi
  rulers of Ahmadnagar.
  Qutub Shahis of Golconda (1518–1687) Founded by Quli Qutub Shah
  (1518–43) who built the famous Golconda fort and made it his capital.
  Another Qutub Shahi ruler, Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah, was the greatest
  of all, and it was he who founded the city of Hyderabad (originally known
  as Bhagyanagar after the name of the Sultan’s favourite, Bhagyamati) and
  also built the famous Charminar in it. The kingdom was later annexed by
  Aurangzeb (1687).
  Barid Shahis of Bidar (1528–1619) Founded by Ali Barid. It was later
  annexed by the Adil Shah is of Bijapur.
The administrative unit at the centre comprised the following officials:
Vakil-us-sultana: Equivalent to