PROVINCIAL DYNASTIES AND
          RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS
VIJAYNAGAR EMPIRE
Literary Sources
              FOREIGN TRAVELLERS’ ACCOUNTS
 Ibn Battutah, an African (Moroccan) traveller, has left a good account of
 the Vijayanagar empire under Harihara I. Nicolo de Conti, an Italian
 (Venetian), visited the Vijayanagar empire during the time of Deva Raya
 I. Abdur Razzak, a Persian, has left us a graphic account of the empire
 under Deva Raya II. Domingo Paes was a Portuguese visitor to Krishna
 Deva Raya’s empire. Duarte Edwardo Barbosa was also a Portuguese
 visitor to the empire during Krishna Deva Raya’s reign. Fernao Nuniz,
 another Portuguese, visited the empire during the reign of Achyuta Deva
 Raya.
Indigenous Works Sri Krishna Deva Raya’s Amuktamalyada enables us to
know about the polity and political ideas of the Vijayanagar rulers. Allasani
Peddans’s Manucharitam gives us a detailed account of the social conditions,
particularly the caste system, of the Vijayanagar empire. Muduravijayam of
Gangadevi, wife of Kumara Kampana (one of the sons of Bukka 1), deals
with Kampana’s conquest of Madurai during the reign of Bukka I.
Gangadhara’s. Gangadasa Pralapa Vilasam, a contemporary drama, deals
with the seige of Vijayanagar city by the Bahmanis and the Gajapatis of
Orissa after the death of Deva Raya II. Saluvabhyudayam of Rajanattha
Dindima was a historical eulogy of the Saluva dynasty.