correct and (R) is not the correct explanation
scale conversion.
Reason (R): The increasing conversion could lead to a loss of revenue, as
jizya paying citizens could cease to pay the tax on conversion to Islam.
Assertion (A): Balban could not raise the numerical strength of the army to
the level which it reached later in the region of Ala-ud-din Khalji.
Reason (R): He insisted upon high birth as an essential qualification for
appointment to higher civil and military posts.
Assertion (A): Ala-ud-din prohibited the sale and use of liquor in Delhi.
Reason (R): He wanted to uphold religious and moral standards.
Assertion (A): The scheme of extending agriculture through diwan-i-kohi by
Muhammad Tughluq was a failure.
Reason (R): The land chosen was not fertile and most of the money was
wasted as the officials were dishonest and inefficient.
Assertion (A): The government of Afghan dynasties was based on the spirit
of biradari (obligation of the clan).
Reason (R): Afghan sultanate could not expect much support either from the
Turks or the Indian converts to Islam,
Assertion (A): Muhammad Tughluq conferred honours and high
appointments upon foreigners, converted Hindus, members of Sufi families,
Afghans and even Mongols.
Reason (R): He wanted to weaken the old nobility and set up a new order of
office-holders of heterogeneous racial origins.
                                  ANSWERS
     1. (c)     2. (d)      3. (c)        4. (c)         5. (d)  6. (c)  7. (b)
     8. (c)      9. (c)   10. (c)       11. (c)         12. (c) 13. (b) 14. (d)
    15. (c)    16. (d)    17. (d)       18. (a)         19. (d) 20. (d) 21. (b)
    22. (c)    23. (c)    24. (d)       25. (c)         26. (c) 27. (c) 28. (a)
    29. (c)    30. (c)    31. (c)       32. (c)         33. (c) 34. (c) 35. (a)
    36. (a)    37. (c)    38. (c)       39. (c)         40. (d) 41. (c) 42. (c)
    43. (d)    44. (d)    45. (c)       46. (d)         47. (d) 48. (d) 49. (b)