Reason (R): Royal intervention in the iqta system was as its peak under
Muhammad Tughluq.
Assertion (A): Firoz Tughluq reversed the whole trend of the centralisation of
the iqta system by the previous rulers.
Reason (R): He fixed the’ estimated revenues of the iqtas for allowing the
muqtis to appropriate all increase of revenue.
Assertion (A): There was a significant growth of urban centres under the
Delhi Sultans.
Reason (R): According to Ibn Battutah, a Moroccan traveller who visited
India in the first half of 14th century, Delhi was the largest town in the
Islamic East.
Assertion (A): The Delhi Sultans are credited with introducing the institution
of dalal in India to facilitate commercial transactions on a large-scale.
Reason (R): The dalals immediately established the dadni system in the
whole of India to procure goods meant for export.
Assertion (A): With the introduction of sericulture in India by the Turks, the
Indian silk industry received a boost.
Reason (R): The Indians started exporting raw silk to Persia and Afghanistan
from the time of the Delhi Sultans.
Assertion (A): The origins of differentiation between the Hindustani and the
Carnatic schools of music can probably be traced to the period of the Delhi
Reason (R): The Turks brought with them a number of new musical
instruments as well as several new modes, airs and scales.
‘She was endowed with all the qualities befitting a King, but she was not
born of the right sex, and so, in the estimation of men, all these virtues were
worthless.’ Who wrote these words about Raziya?
(a) Isami
(b) Amir Khusrau
(c) Minhaj Siraj
(d) Shiraj Afif
Which one of the following is not permitted by the shariat?
(a) The tax on agriculture produce