dramatised his powers to accumulate, command, control and define
        wealth, value and taste. The grandiose habits of consumption of the
        great monarch became an enduring fact of political life in India.
Sultan’s Persoanl Life Significant features of a sultan’s persona emerged
in publicly visible domestic dramas, above all, marriage.
    • Weddings were great events of political life because marriage was the
        most secure method of political alliance.
    • In the inner secret precincts of the palace, family members vied for
        influence and engaged in the intrigues that often culminated in wars
        of succession, in which relatives killed one another.
    • At home, the sultan’s honour rested on the stainless virtue of his
        mother, wives, daughters and sisters. Sequestered women of the
        palace lived behind a curtain, pardah; and women in seclusion,
        pardahnasheen, became the sultan’s own virtue.
    • Practices of female seclusion spread among elites who modeled
        themselves on sultans, Hindus and Muslims alike, at all levels of
        society. In this and many other respects, Rajput rajas became model
        kshatriyas who were also model sultans.
                         Literature of Delhi Sultanate
  Author       Book        Remark
  Al-Beruni Kitab fi       About Indian sciences
               tahqiq
  Al-Beruni Qanun-i-       About astronomy
               Masudi
  Al-Beruni Jawahir-       About mineralogy
               fit-
               Jawahir
  Firozabadi Qamus         Arabic dictionary
  Hasan        Taj-ul-     History of Ilbaris
  Nizami       Maathir
  Abu Bakr Chach           History of Sind
               Namah