dramatised his powers to accumulate, command, control and define
wealth, value and taste. The grandiose habits of consumption of the
great monarch became an enduring fact of political life in India.
Sultan’s Persoanl Life Significant features of a sultan’s persona emerged
in publicly visible domestic dramas, above all, marriage.
• Weddings were great events of political life because marriage was the
most secure method of political alliance.
• In the inner secret precincts of the palace, family members vied for
influence and engaged in the intrigues that often culminated in wars
of succession, in which relatives killed one another.
• At home, the sultan’s honour rested on the stainless virtue of his
mother, wives, daughters and sisters. Sequestered women of the
palace lived behind a curtain, pardah; and women in seclusion,
pardahnasheen, became the sultan’s own virtue.
• Practices of female seclusion spread among elites who modeled
themselves on sultans, Hindus and Muslims alike, at all levels of
society. In this and many other respects, Rajput rajas became model
kshatriyas who were also model sultans.
Literature of Delhi Sultanate
Author Book Remark
Al-Beruni Kitab fi About Indian sciences
Al-Beruni Qanun-i- About astronomy
Al-Beruni Jawahir- About mineralogy
Firozabadi Qamus Arabic dictionary
Hasan Taj-ul- History of Ilbaris
Abu Bakr Chach History of Sind