mausoleum, covered in gold leaf and lapis blue. His tomb is made of nephrite
jade; in contrast his other family members were buried in marble tombs
around him.
Decline under Sayyids (1414–51)
Khizr Khan (1414–21)
Before his departure from India, Timur had conferred Multan and Dipalpur
on Khizr Khan. Timur’s confinnation enhanced Khizr Khan’s prestige and
enabled him to capture Delhi. He tried to consolidate Delhi’s control from
Multan to Kanuaj and from the foot of the Himalayas to the Malwa frontier.
Mubarak Shah (1421–34)
His successful expeditions against Mewatis, Katihar and the Gangetic Doab
enabled him to collect revenue from that region, although Delhi’s authority
over their chiefs was precarious. Mubarak Shah was assassinated by some of
his own nobles.
Muhammad Shah (1434–51)
The new Sultan was also unable to combat the intrigues among the leading
nobles. He was in fact reduced to the pitiable position of ruling a territory
which extended merely forty miles around his capital.
Alam Shah (1443–51)
When he retired to Badaun in 1447, Bahlul Lodhi captured Delhi. The Sultan
did not contest Bahlul’s usurpation and formally transferred the sovereignty
of Delhi to him in 1451. The Sayyids had ruled in name only, but the Lodhis
revived the prestige of the Delhi sultanate.
THE LODHIS (1451–1526)
Bahlul (1451–89)
Bahlul successfully foiled the Sharqi Sultan’s bid to seize Delhi and subdued
the ruler of Multan, but his invasion of Malwa failed. Yet by the time of his