Timur’s Invasion of India Turkish warriors related by marriage to
Mongols did, however, succeed in India. Timur, also known as Tamerlang,
was born at Kish, near Samarkand, in a short-lived Mongol successor state,
the Chaghatai Khanate of Trans-Oxiana. He became a governor and then
wazir to its Khan, eventually replacing him in 1370. After conquering Persia
and Afghanistan by 1387, he swept into India in 1398. He conquered the
Ganga basin and put the governor of Multan on the Delhi throne on his way
back to Afghanistan. His victories had killed the imperial authority of the
Delhi Sultanate, which broke into an array of satellite sultanates and survived
as a regional power until its territory was conquered, in 1526, by Babur, who
claimed descend from both Timur and Genghis Khan.
Ghurid empire reached its zenith under two brothers—Shams-ud-din
Muhammad and Shihab-ud-din (later Muizz-ud-din) Muhammad. The former
concentrated on expanding westwards, while the latter, whose capital was in
Ghazni, followed Mahmud’s tradition of invading India. Muizz-ud-din seized
Multan in 1175, but when he invaded Anhilwara or Patan (the capital of the
Vaghela raja of Gujarat, Mularaja    II) he was defeated in a battle near Mount