Rajput dynasties of early medieval India.
Reason (R): If a Rajput ruler died without heir, the kingdom traditionally
passed to the head of the baronical house next in kin to the ruling dynasty.
Assertion (A): The Rajput rulers of north India during the early medieval
period were essentially hereditary leaders of feudal communities.
Reason (R): They were neither benevolent despots, nor could they be
autocratic despots.
Assertion (A): The Rajput kingdoms of early medieval India included large
areas dominated by defeated and subordinate rulers.
Reason (R): According to the prevalent notions of the period, it was a sin to
deprive even a defeated ruler of his lands.
Assertion (A): The subsistence level agrarian production of early medieval
India arose out of the practical economics of the situation.
Reason (R): The early medieval Indian peasant did not go for any significant
surplus production for fear of the impending demand for a larger share from
the feudal lord.
Assertion (A): Lokamahadevi, the queen of Rajaraja I, performed the hiranya
garbha ceremony, i.e. passing one’s body through a golden cow.
Reason (R): The Chola religion is significant for laying greater stress on
yajna or sacrifice than on dana or gift.
Assertion (A): In the Chola period, the agrahara type of villages were
numerically greater than any other type of villages.
Reason (R): The practice of maintaining dancing girls by the temples, known
as devadasi system, became very popular during the Chola period.
Assertion (A): The Uttaramerur Inscription, belonging to the 10th century,
gives details about the functioning and constitution of the local ur.
Reason (R): The inscription mentions not only qualifications but also
disqualifications for membership to the local general assembly.
Assertion (A): Construction of temples as tributes to dead kings was a special
feature of the Chola period.
Reason (R): The famous Rajarajesvara temple at Tanjore was built by
Rajendra I as a tribute to his dead  father, Rajaraja I.