which gradually became important centres for the cultivation of such arts. For
example, the temple—an institution which received wide support from
different sections of the society—on the one hand embodied in itself,
experiments in architectonic forms; on the other, on the strength of separate
financial provisions made, it emerged as a centre for dance and music. The
historical development of several branches of fine arts may be traced back to
such centres.
Attempts at Regional Classification These requirements of the society led
also to systematisation, and the various compositions of the early medieval
period include sections on fine arts. Independent silpa texts also came to be
written. The patronage of the contemporary elites or of the royal courts was
behind many of these compilations.
                         ROYAL PERSONAGES
  In     fact,    such    important       works        as  Manasollasa     and
  Samaranganasutradhara are connected respectively, with great royal
  personages like Somesvara and Bhoja. Sangitaratnakara, the most
  standard treatise on music, is attributed to an official of the Yadava court,
  Sarangadeva, during Simhana’s reign. Attempts at regional classification
  are also noticeable in such works: for example, the silpa texts on
  architecture start with a rough regional classification of styles: nagara,
  vesara and dravida
     Between AD 1000 and 1300 the Indo-Aryan languages of north, central
and east India attained a specific regional identity. Among them Hindi,
Marathi, Bengali, Assamese and Oriya particularly attract our attention. Their
early development and their relationship to the medieval Indian Sanskrit
dialects, various Prakrits and Apabhramsa, is surely a fascinating study of
     The bhakti cults made a great impact on the evolution of regional
languages and literature. Some of the founders of the various sects and
movements did not know Sanskrit at all and therefore expressed themselves
in the respective regional language. However, even the Brahmins among