Nannayabhatta in the 11th century AD, was completed by Tikkana
  Somayaji, the minister and poet laureate of the Telugu Chola king
  Manuma Siddhi II of Nellore in the middle of the 13th century AD.
Saivism in its various forms was the predominant faith during the Kakatiya
period. There were various schools of Saivism like the Kalamukha, Kapalika,
and Pasupata. Inspite of the predominance enjoyed by the Kalamukha
doctrine at the beginning of the Kakatiya period, the Pasupata eventually
secured the favour of majority of the common people as well as that of the
    Prola I and Beta II were followers of Saivism and their preceptor was
Ramesvara Pandita, the Kalamukha Saiva saint. Like their grandfather, Beta
II, Rudradeva and his brother Mahadeva were paramamahesvaras. The reign
of Ganapatideva, whose preceptor was Visvesvara Sambhu, forms a brilliant
period in the history of the Saiva religion. Pasupata Saivism continued up to
the end of the reign of Prataparudra, the last Kakatiya, who was himself a
    Besides Saivism there were other faiths such as the Arhatamata (Jainism)
and Vaishnavism. A certain Appayacharya, a follower of Jainism and
resident of Warangal, wrote a work known as Pratishthasara during the reign
of Prataparudra. The Kakatiyas built many temples at Anumakonda,
Palampeta, Pillalamarri and several other places. These temples played
important roles in the socio-religious life of the period.
Early Rulers The home of the Hoyasalas lay in the hilly tracts to the north-
west of Gangavadi in Mysore. They became prominent during the pro-longed
struggle between the later Chalukyas and the Cholas. They initially became
feudatories of the Chalukyas, and after the decline of the latter they declared
independence and asserted their authority over. the southern territory of the
    The founder of the dynasty