Mahanubhavas who were the worshippers of god Krishna. Traditionally, god
the end of the 13th century the bhakti movement associated with Sri Vitthala
or Panduranga in Pandharpur gained popularity in the Deccan. A number of
non-Brahmin saints like Namadeva (a tailor), Janabai (a maid servant) and
Narahari (a goldsmith) made the bhakti cult the religion of the masses of
The Seunas gave great impetus to the development of Sanskrit literature.
The family of the famous astronomer and mathematician Bhaskaracharya
belonged to this period. Bhaskaracharya’s father, Mahesvara (known as
Kavisvara), wrote two works on astrology, Sekhara and Laghutika. Of the
numerous works of Bhaskaracharya, the most famous are Siddhanta
Siromani (composed in 1150) and Karanakutuhala, the first being the best
treatise on algebra to be found in Sanskrit literature. His son
Lakshmidhara and his grandson Changadeva were the court astrologers of
Jaitugi and Simhana respectively. Bhaskaracharya’s grand-nephew
Anantadeva, a protege of Simhana, was a master of the three branches of
astronomy and wrote a commentary on the Brihat Jataka of Varahamihira
and also on one chapter of Brahmasphuta Siddhanta of Brahmagupta.
The famous work on music Sangitaratnakara was composed by
Sarangadeva who lived at the court of Simhana. Suktimuktavali, an
anthology of Sanskrit verse, was composed in 1258. But the most famous
author of the Seuna period was undoubtedly Hemadri, who was later on
assigned to the post of chief secretary to the government by Mahadeva in
1263. Among his numerous works, those on Dharmasastra have been
considered as authoritative in the later period. His work Chaturvarga
Chintamani is a compendium of religious rites and practices. Apart from
being a prolific writer of the period, Hemadri provides us with valuable
information about the history of the dynasty. Bopadeva, a contemporary of
Hemadri, wrote Harilila, a work on Bhagavata.
The Seuna period forms an important epoch in the history of Marathi
literature. The earliest extant work in this language is Vivekasindhu
composed by Mukundaraja in which he expounds the Advaita philosophy.