by Prataparudra. This event emboldened the
Yadavas. Sankaradeva was defeated by Kafur and Ramachandra was taken
prisoner. He was afterwards released and allowed to rule his kingdom as a
vassal of the Sultan.
Sankaradeva He could not reconcile himself to the alien rule. So, after his
accession, he immediately repudiated the authority of Alauddin, who once
more sent Malik Kafur to bring the rebel to book. Malik easily defeated
Sankaradeva, put him to death and annexed the Yadava kingdom.
Economic Conditions
Tax on agricultural land was known as aruvana. Income from market tax was
known as santhey-aya. House-tax or mane-dere as well as the tax on cattle
were also known. Certain professional taxes were imposed on carpenters,
blacksmiths, cobblers, washermen and others. Such taxes were known as
bannige. Talevana was perhaps a tax on individuals collected in certain
places or on specific occasions. Sunkadhikari was the chief officer in charge
of taxes whose duty was to collect the taxes through his subordinates and to
remit it to the state treasury. Another officer was sunka-vergade whose
jurisdiction appears to have been restricted to a village or town. The officer in
charge of the royal treasury was known as mahabhandari.
    The people engaged in trade and commerce were known as settis and
vyavaharas. Merchants dealing in different articles were known by different
names, like gatrigas or hannavanigas (those dealing in betel-leaves and nuts)
and teligas (dealers in oil). The most influential trade organisation was the
Virabalanja which had its headquarters at Aihole with several branches
spread over most of the important cities of south India. Trade was mostly
inland. Trade in the country was controlled by the merchant guilds known as
the nakharas, settis and setti-guttas.
The Yadava rulers were liberal patrons of all religions. Buddhism was
already a dying force, though Jainism continued to enjoy the royal patronage.
The rise of the Virasaiva sect affected the position of the Jainas to a certain
extent. The new religious sect that grew in the Seuna country was that of the