The first member of the family was Dridhaprahara. It was, however,
Seunachandra I, the son of Dridhaprahara, who first secured feudatory status
for his family from the Rashtrakutas. The importance of this chief can be
assessed from the fact that the territory ruled by the Yadavas came to be
known as Seunadesa. During the reign of Bhillama II, the Rashtrakuta empire
was overthrown by the Western Chalukyas. Hence Bhillama transferred his
allegiance to the Chalukyas. He was succeeded by Vesugi, Bhillama III,
Bhillama IV, Seunachandra II, Simharaja, Mallugi and Bhillama V.
Bhillama V When he ascended the throne, the great Chalukyan power was
already on the road to decline. The Yadavas naturally took advantage of the
situation and asserted their independence. Bhillama thus laid the foundation
of the Yadava empire which endured for about a century.
Jaitugi He tried to strengthen his southern frontier by marching against the
rising power of the Kakatiyas. The Kakatiya monarch Rudra was killed and
his nephew, prince Ganapati was taken prisoner. Instead of annexing the
Kakatiya kingdom Jaitugi restored the captive prince Ganapati to the throne.
Like his father, Jaitugi also fought against his neighbours to the north of the
Narmada. He defeated the rulers of Malava, Lata and also the Gurjara kings.
Jaitugi was not merely a soldier, but also a patron of learning. Lakshmidhara,
son of Bhaskaracharya. the famous astronomer, was his chief court poet.
Simhana He was the most powerful ruler of the family. As the Hoyasalas
proved a great obstacle to the further expansion of the kingdom in the south,
Simhana launched a successful campaign against them. Elated by his
successes in the south, Simhana turned his arms against his hereditary
enemies in the north—the Paramaras of Malwa and the Chalukyas of Gujarat.
He defeated and killed the Paramara king Arjunavarman. Thus the Yadava
kingdom reached the zenith of its glory and power in the reign of Simhana.
None among the Hoyasalas, the Kakatiyas, the Paramaras and the Chalukyas
dared to challenge his supremacy in the Deccan.
Simhana was not merely a warrior, but was also a patron of music and
literature. Sangitaratnakara of Sarangadeva, an important work on music,
was written in his court. Anantadeva and Changadeva were the two
famous astronomers who lived at the court of Simhana. Changadeva