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Kerala PSC Indian History Book Study Materials Page 1062Book's First Page
events kept up to date by additions from time to time. Raiendra I He raised the Chola empire to the position of being the most extensive and respected state of his time. He invaded and completed the conquest of Ceylon by defeating and imprisoning Mahinda V. He led a triumphant march through the territories of the Pandyas and Kerala, and made one of his sons the viceroy of both, with Madurai as capital. He defeated the Western Chalukyas who were trying to meddle in the succession dispute of Vengi, and installed Rajaraja, a nephew of Rajendra, on the Vengi throne. He also punished Madhukamarnava, the Eastern Ganga ruler of Kalinga, who sided with the Western Chalukyas. Rajendra I led a military expedition to the Ganga valley, which seems to have been a success, and constructed a new capital, Gangaikonda Cholapuram and a temple in celebration of the expedition. His naval expedition to Sri Vijaya either to win glory or to teach a lesson to its rulers who could have obstructed Chola intercourse with China met with success and the kingdom was restored back to its ruler, Sangrama Vijayottunga (son of Sri Mara). He sent two diplomatic missions to China for political as well as commercial purposes. Rajadhiraia He suppressed rebellions in Pandya, Kerala and Ceylon kingdoms. He launched an expedition to restore Chola power in Vengi. He defeated the Western Chalukya forces at Dannada (Dhanyakataka) on the Krishna and compelled Vijayaditya, Rajaraja’s rival, to retreat. He then entered the Western Chalukya territory and inflicted a defeat on the enemy in the Pundur battle on the banks of the Krishna. At Yetagiri (Yadgir) he put up a pillar of victory with the tiger emblem on it. Later Kalyani itself was sacked, and Rajadhiraja performed the virabhisheka (coronation of the victory there and assumed the title of ‘Vijayarajendra’. Towards the end of his career, he led another expedition against the Western Chalukya, Somesvara, but died in the battle of Koppam (Kopbal). But his son and successor, Rajendra II turned the defeat into victory. Rajendra II After the victory he planted a jayastambha (pillar of victory) at Kollapura and returned to his capital. Somesvara’s attempt later to reverse the verdict of Koppam ended in failure. But soon after Rajendra himself passed away.