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Kerala PSC Indian History Book Study Materials Page 1041Book's First Page
and poet from different parts of the country written by his court poets Jayanaka and Chanda (Chand Bardai) respectively. Gahadvalas The emergence of the Gahadvalas in Kanauj in the latter part of the 11th century is so sudden that it is difficult to determine their origin. The well- known theory of their connection with the dynasties of the Sun and the Moon cannot be accepted as true, although traditions trace them back to an obscure descendant of Yayati. Early Rulers The Gahadvala dynasty was founded by Yasovigraha. Yasovigraha’s son Mahichandra, also called Mahindra and Mahitala, was a ruler of some consequence who ruled in some parts of Uttar Pradesh. His son, Chandradeva, took hold of the opportunity afforded by the departure of Mahmud from northern India and inflicted a crushing defeat upon the Rashtrakuta ruler, Gopala, on the banks of the Yamuna. He conquered all the territory from Allahabad to Banaras and made Banaras the second capital of the Gahadvalas. He imposed a tax called turushkadanda possibly to defray the expenses of war against Muslim invasions or to make annual payments to the latter. He was succeeded by his son Madanachandra, also known as Madanapala. Govindachandra He succeeded Madanachandra and was perhaps the greatest king of the dynasty. More than forty inscriptions have come to light which testify to the splendour of his reign. Taking advantage of the weakness of the Pal a monarchy, he annexed portions of Magadha. Govindachandra must have aggrandised himself at the cost of the Chedis. He also defeated the Chandellas and wrested eastern Malwa from them. In fact, Govindachandra raised Kanauj to an unprecedented glory. His neighbouring as well as distant potentates were afraid of his power and showed due respect to him. His reign was marked by the literary activities of his minister named Lakshmidhara who produced a number of works on law and procedure, the most important of which is the Kritya Kalpataru or Kalpadruma. Vijayachandra Govindachandra was succeeded by his son, Vijayachandra.