Chandella kingdom and proceeded as far as
Jayasimha was also a great patron of literature. Under him, Gujarat
became a famous seat of learning and literature. He gathered round him a
large number of poets and scholars including Hemachandra, who wrote
the celebrated grammar Siddha-Hemachandra as well as many other
works. He was a Saiva and erected many temples, the most magnificent
being Rudra Mahakala at Siddhapura. After his death, the throne was
seized by his distant relation, Kumarapala.
Kumarapala He embraced Jainism under the influence of Hemachandra.
He forbade animal sacrifice and his order was obeyed not only in his own
kingdom but also in some of the feudatory states. Despite his religious zeal in
favour of Jainism, he showed his veneration to his family deity Siva, and
built temples for both the Jainas and the Brahmins.
Mularaja II In AD 1178 Muizuddin Muhammad Ghori invaded Gujarat,
but the Solankis under Mularaja’s mother bravely opposed the Muslims and
defeated them near Mt. Abu. However, after the Turkish conquest of India,
Qutub-ud-din invaded Gujarat and plundered Anahilapataka in 1197.
Bhima II During the reign of Bhima, all arrangements for defending
Gujarat against the aggression of the neighbours were made by
Lavanaprasada and his able son Viradhavala. But the most disturbing element
was Yadava Singhana who led a number of invasions into Gujarat, which was
however defended well by Viradhavala.
Later Rulers Bhima II was succeeded by Tribhunapala, who was in turn
supplanted by Virama, a son of Viradhavala. The next ruler was
Sarangadeva, who was succeeded by his nephew Karna, the last Hindu king
of Gujarat. Shortly afterwards, Gujarat was conquered by Alauddin Khalji.
Karna fled to Devagiri, but his queen Kamaladevi and daughter Devaladevi
fell into the hands of Ala-ud-din Khalji.
Solanki Art The Chalukya kings were great patrons of art and the
magnificent architectural activity during their regime owed, in a large
measure, to their active support. Both Vastupala and Tejapala (ministers of
Bhima II) vied with one another in encouraging arts in the most exuberant
manner possible. The whole province was studded over with monuments,