parts of the Rajputana—Mount Abu, Vagada (modern Banswara and
Dungarpur), Javalipura (Jalor) and Bhinmal (in southern Marwar). All these
were ultimately conquered by the neighbouring states such as the Guhilas and
the Chahamanas. Under the Paramaras, a rich galaxy of literary giants
thronged Malwa. Dhara was the Mecca of literature in the days of Bhoja.
Bhoja was the greatest builder and lover of art. The image of Sarasvati,
installed by him in the main hall of Sarasvati temple of Dhara, shows
Paramara sculpture at its best.
Mularaja I The Chalukyas or Solankis ruled in Gujarat and Kathiawar for
nearly three centuries and a half (AD 950–1300). Mularaja established an
independent kingdom with its capital at Anahilapataka. Mularaja suffered
disgrace at the hands of the Paramara Munja and withdrew to Marwar. He
had hardly recovered his kingdom when he was overcome by the Kalachuri
Lakshmana. His kingdom extended up to Jodhpur in the north, while his
southern frontier stretched up to the Narmada. He was a devout Saiva and
built two temples at Anahilapataka. The period of about 25 years which
intervened between Mularaja’s death and the accession of Bhima I, was
Bhima I His kingdom was rudely shaken by the invasion of Sultan
Mahmud of Ghazni who plun- dered the immense riches of the famous
temple of Somnatha. Bhima, who fled to Kutch at the approach of Sultan
Mahmud, returned to his capital after the departure of the invader. Bhima I’s
reign was important in the history of Indian architecture. It was during his
reign that the famous Dilwara temple was built at Abu. He abdicated the
throne in favour of his son Karna.
Kama Despite a long reign of about thirty years, Karna could not achieve
anything substantial. But he built numerous temples, and founded a city after
his name, now represented by Ahmadabad.
Jayasimha Siddharaja Jayasimha, who assumed the title Siddharaja,
succeeded his father Karna and ruled for nearly half a century. He embarked
upon a career of conquest to extended his kingdom. In the north he annexed
Bhinmal after defeating the Paramaras. He then subdued the Chahamanas of
Sakambhari. Be also invaded the