recovered the lost territories from Taila II. He also conquered Lata (south
Bhoja Sindhuraja was succeeded by his son Bhoja, the greatest celebrity of
the Paramaras. Bhoja’s reign of half a century was marked by a series of
strenuous campaigns against numerous kings. Despite the ceaseless wars
which. Bhoja fought against several kings, he could acquire no new territory
except Konkana. What distinguished him from his contemporaries was his
profound scholarship and patronage of learning. He is credited with the
authorship of more than 23 books on varied subjects. Bhoja’s commentary on
the Yogasutras of Patanjali, though brief, is a great example of his erudition.
His Samaranganasutra-dhara is an excellent work on art and architecture.
Men of letters like Dhanapala, Uvata and many others livea in his court. He
founded the city of Bhojapura and built a number of temples.
It is an encyclopedic work on classical Indian architecture (Vastu Shastra)
written by Paramara King Bhoja of Dhar (1000-1055 AD). In 83 chapters,
it treats various subjects such as town planning, house architecture, temple
architecture and sculptural arts, together with mudras (the different hand
poses and the poses of the body as well as the postures of legs), the canons
of painting, and a chapter on the art of mechanical contrivances, the
Later Rulers With the passing away of Bhoja, the era of Paramara
ascendancy was over. Bhoja’s death was followed by a disputed succession;
one of the claimants, Jayasimha, who was probably Bhoja’s son, seized the
throne with the help of his erstwhile enemy, Chalukya prince Vikramaditya
VI of the Deccan. Henceforth Jayasimha became a staunch ally of
Vikramaditya and helped the latter in an unsuccessful expedition against the
eastern Chalukyas of Vengi. Udayaditya, a brother of Bhoja, succeeded
Jayasimha. The famous temple of Nilakantesvara at Udayapur in Bhilsa is
ascribed to him. Udayaditya had a number of sons and two of them,
Lakshmadeva and Naravarman, ruled in succession after his death.
The last known king of the Paramaras was Mahlak Deo, who was
defeated by Alauddin Khalji when the latter invaded his kingdom. Mahlak