completed by his disciple Gunabhadra. Jinasena’s Parsvabhyudaya is a
biography of Parsva in verses. Amoghavarsha’s reign saw the composition of
two other works—Amoghavritti of Sakatayana, a work on grammar, and the
Ganitasarasamgrahaka of Viracharya, a treatise on mathematics.
The Rashtrakuta period witnessed the beginning of the Canarese
literature. Amoghavarsha I himself was the reputed author of the
Kavirajamarga, the first work of Canarese on poetics. Pampa I, the earliest
and the greatest of the Canarese poets and author of Adipurana and the
Vikramarjunavijaya, flourished during the first half of the 10th century.
Ponna, another famous poet and author of the Santipurana, flourished in the
third quarter of the 10th century. Poona, another famous poet and author of
the santipurana, flourished in the third quarter of the 10th century.
The anarchy and confusion which followed Harsha’s death is the transitional
period of Indian history. This period was marked by the rise of the Rajput
clans who began to play a significant part in the history of northern and
western India from the 8th century AD onwards.
The term Rajput denotes a tribe or clan, the members of which claimed
themselves as Kshatriyas belonging to the ‘solar’ or lunar’ dynasties.
According to some scholars the origin of the Rajputs is connected with that of
the Gurjaras. In the early years of the 6th century AD, a tribe known as the
Khazars poured into India along with the Hunas. These Khazars were known
as Gurjaras. According to the bardic tales, the Pratiharas (Pariharas), the
Chalukyas (Solankis), the Paramaras (Pawars) and the Chahamanas
(Chauhans) are. ‘fire-born’ (agnikula), originating from a sacrificial fire-pit at
Mount Abu in southern Rajputana.
The Hunas, Gurjaras and the other allied tribes who entered India during
the 5th and 6th centuries merged themselves with the Indians, just as their
predecessors, the Greeks, the Kushanas and the Sakas had done. In the