who had supported his brother. Dhruva then made a bold bid to control north
Indian politics, a feat in which no Deccan power had succeeded since the
days of the Satavahanas. At that time northern India was convulsed by the
struggle for supremacy between Vatsaraja Pratihara and Dharmapala, the Pala
ruler of Bengal.
    While Vatsaraja was engaged in hostilities with Dharmapala in the Doab,
Dhruva crossed the Narmada and occupied Malwa without much opposition.
He then proceeded towards Kanauj and inflicted such a crushing defeat on
Vatsaraja that the latter sought refuge in the deserts of Rajasthan. Dhruva
proceeded further north into the Ganga-Yamuna Doab where he routed
Dharmapala. Without marching further into the imperial city of Kanauj,
Dhruva returned home laden with rich booty.
    He had four sons, Karka, Stambha, Govinda and Indra, of whom Karka
had predeceased his father. Of the remaining three sons, the emperor chose
the ablest Govinda as his successor and installed him as crown prince.
Govinda III Though the accession of Govinda took place peacefully, soon
he had to face the hostility of his eldest brother, Stambha, who had been
chafing owing to his supercession. After defeating Stambha and securing his
position in the Deccan, Govinda turned his attention to the ever tempting
politics of northern India. Govinda marched into northern India and defeated
Nagabhatta II who fled into Rajputana leaving the Doab at the mercy of the
invader. Chakrayudha, the puppet emperor of Kanauj, offered unconditional
surrender and so did Dharmapala. Besides the powerful Gurjara Pratihara and
Pala kings, other rulers of northern India were also defeated by Govinda III.
Amoghavarsha I Govinda III was succeeded by his son Sarva, better
known as Amoghavarsha. Amoghavarsha was not destined to enjoy peace
during his long reign of 64 years. He had to encounter frequent rebellions of
his feudatories and to wage constant wars against his powerful hostile
neighbours. Amoghavarsha’s reign lacked brilliance and vigour of his father
and grandfather. Gangawadi and Malava were lost to the empire.
    Instead of war, it was rather peace, religion and literature that attracted
him most. In his later life he developed definite leanings towards Jainism and
Jinasena, the author of Adipurana, was his chief preceptor.
  Amoghavarsha was himself