monarch advanced as far as Monghyr and won a resounding victory over
    The Gwalior Inscription of his grandson tells us of Nagabhatta II’s
victories over Anartta (northern Kathiawar), Malava or central India, the
Matsyas or eastern Rajputana, the Kiratas (of the Himalaya regions),
Turushkas (Arab settlers of western India) and the Vatsas in the territory of
Kausambi (Kosam). The limits of the Pratihara empire under Nagabhatta II
may be roughly defined as comprising parts of Rajputana, a large portion of
modem Uttar Pradesh, central India, northern Kathiawar and adjacent
territories. Nagabhatta II was succeeded by his son Ramabhadra during
whose brief reign of three years, the Pratihara power eclipsed owing to the
aggressive policy of the Pala emperor, Devapala.
Mihira Bhoja With the accession of Ramabhadra’s son Bhoja the Pratihara
power reached glory. He reestablished the supremacy of his family in
Bundelkhand and subjugated the Jodhpur Pratiharas (Pariharas). The
Daulatpura Copper Plate of Bhoja shows that the Pratihara king had
succeeded in reasserting his authority over central and eastern Rajputana. In
the north, his suzerainty was acknowledged up to the foot of the Himalayas,
as is proved by the grant of a piece of land in the Gorakhpur district to a
Kalachuri king.
    Bhoja’s imperial ambition was however, not uniformly successful. He
was defeated by the Pala king, Devapala. But instead of being dispirited by
this reverse in the east, he turned southward and overran southern Rajputana
and the tracts round Ujjain up to the Narmada river. This brought him face to
face with the Rashtrakutas whose ruler Dhruva II was able to arrest his
triumphant progress.
    The political spectrum underwent a change with the death of the powerful
Pala ruler, Devapala, followed by the Rashtrakuta invasion of Bengal. Bhoja
defeated the weak Pala king Narayanapala and secured considerable part of
his western dominions. Flushed with this success he clashed with Krishna II,
the Rashtrakuta. He defeated him on the banks of the Narmada and occupied
    Thus the extensive dominions of Bhoja extended up to Sutlej in the north-
west, the foot of the Himalayas in the north, Bengal in the east, Bundelkhand
and Vatsa territories in the south       and south-east, and the Narmada and