Reason (R): The Gupta period marked the beginning of a major change in the
agrarian system with the assignment of land grants and revenue grants to both
religious and secular assignees.
Assertion (A): A wealthy person in Rig Vedic period was known as gomat.
Reason (R): Cattle were considered to be synonymous with wealth.
Assertion (A): In the pre-Gupta period, north Indian society had very few
similarities with the Satavahana society in the Deccan and the Sangam
society in the far south.
Reason (R): The process of Aryanisation started very late in the Deccan and
south India.
Assertion (A): The position of women had declined in the later Vedic period.
Reason (R): In that period we have reference to widow remarriages being
permitted under certain circumstances.
Assertion (A): Social divisions and economic professions started losing inter-
relationship during pre-Mauryan period.
Reason (R): The irrelevance of the caste to the profession widened as
Vaishyas started working as tailors or potters; Brahmins as physicians, tax
collectors, traders, and the like.
Assertion (A): The Vaishyas and Sudras welcomed the new heterodox
Reason (R): Heterodox religions attacked the caste system and stood for its
Assertion (A): In the pre-Gupta period, the ruling dynasties did not acquire
the ritual status which may suit their social status.
Reason (R): The actual status of the Brahmin was not yet. sufficiently
powerful to demand the validation of the dynasties.
Assertion (A): There was tremendous growth in the number of Brahmins with
the spread of Aryanisation.
Reason (R): Some form of recruitment either through hypergamy or through
the assimilation of priests of local cults into Brahmin class existed due to
different reasons.
Assertion (A): AI-Beruni notes the absence of any significant difference