court scenes, etc. Kishangarh school is best
Malwa Malwa paintings, which was highly influenced by Chaura–
panchasika style, was one of the most conservative Rajput Painting Schools
of the 17th century. It is known for its strong colours and bold lines. At times,
one can also observe a remote Mughal influence on these paintings.
Marwar Ragamala, which was painted in Pali in 1623, is one of the earliest
example of the Rajasthani paintings of Marwar. In the 18th century, the most
common themes included the portraitures of nobles on horses and darbar
scenes. With the arrival of artists like Dalchand, Marwar paintings also
started reflecting Mughal influence.
Mewar Mewar school of Rajput paintings, contrary to other Rajput
paintings, concentrated on its conservative style, trying to avoid the
dominance of the Mughals. The earliest example of the Mewar School is that
of Chawand Ragamala of 1605. Lot of similarity with the Chaura–panchasika
style, especially the flatness, the bright colours, and even common motifs can
be found between these two styles. Mewar style saw some ups and downs.
Towards the end of the 17th century and the early 18th century, Mewar style
saw revival but the late 18th century again witnessed its downfall. From mid-
19th century to mid-20th century, it continued as a court art.
Rajput paintings, made in Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir are
known as the Pahari paintings. These paintings developed and flourished
during 17th to 19th centuries. Indian Pahari paintings have been made mostly
in miniature forms, which can be divided into two distinct categories, on the
basis of their geographical range, namely:
• Basohli and Kulu Style (Influenced by Chaura–panchasika style)
• Guler and Kangra Style (Based on cooler colours and refinement)
Features As is clear from the nomenclature itself, Pahari paintings have
been widely influenced by the Rajput paintings. This is particularly so,
because of the family relations of the Pahari Rajas with royal courts of
Rajasthan. Strong influence of the Gujarat and Deccan paintings can be found
in the Pahari paintings. With the emergence of Bhakti movement, new
themes for Indian Pahari paintings started becoming popular. The Shaiva–