the South. The paintings of Sittannavasal are
Cave Paintings in India
Cave paintings of India can be traced back to the prehistoric times. The finest
examples of these paintings are from the murals of Ajanta, Ellora, Bagh,
Sittanavasal, etc., which reflect an emphasis on naturalism. Ancient cave
paintings of India serve as a window to reflect upon our ancestors, who used
to inhabit these caves.
Ajanta Most of the paintings belong to the Mahayana sect of Buddhism.
Their themes revolve around the life and teachings of Lord Buddha,
including the Jataka stories related to the various lives and incarnations of
Lord Buddha. Calligraphic lines characterize these paintings. The paintings
can be classified into portraits, narrative illustrations and ornamental
Ellora Paintings in Ellora are found in five caves, but the best of them are
preserved only in the Kailasa temple. The rock paintings of Ellora show two
different series. The first series, which was done when the caves were carved,
depicts about Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi. The second series, painted
centuries later, illustrates procession of Shaiva holy men, Apsaras, etc.
Bagh Bagh caves, situated on the banks of the Bagh River, have been
excavated on the rock face of a lofty hill. The wall paintings of these caves
date back to period between the 5th and 7th century. These paintings represent
the most exquisite traditions of Indian art form.
Sittanavasal Sittanavasal is the site of an ancient Jain monastery, located at
a distance of around 58 km from Trichy. The monastery is known for housing
some of the most exquisite frescoes in a rock cave. Most of these cave
paintings belong to the Pallavan period. The themes of these paintings
include animals, fish, ducks, people collecting lotuses from a pond, two
dancing figures, etc.
Features Miniatures paintings, as the term suggests, are small in size but
are beautiful, handmade and colourful paintings. The main feature of these
paintings is the intricate and delicate brushwork, which lends them a unique