(d) All are true
The Gupta rulers did not require as many officials as the Mauryas did. Which
one of the following is not a reason for this?
(a) Much of the imperial administration was managed by feudatories and
(b) The state did not take part in economic activities on any big scale as it did
in Maurya times.
(c) The participation of leading artisans, merchants, elders, etc. in rural and
urban administration also lessened the need for maintaining a large retinue of
(d) The Gupta emperors generally patronised Brahmanism rather than
heterodox sects.
Which one of the following terms does not refer to a land measure?
(a) Hala
(b) Kalanju
(c) Karisa
(d) Kulyavapa
‘Even one and a half kulyavapa of land had to be purchased in smaller plots
at four different places.’ This statement highlights:
(i) Scarcity of land.
(ii) Unprecedented growth in land transac- tions.
(iii) Unwillingness of the people to part with their land.
(iv) Increasing pressure of population on land holdings.
(v) Fragmentation of land holdings.
Select the answer from the codes given below:
(a) i, iii and iv
(b) ii, iii and iv
(c) i, ii, iv and v
(d) All the above
Which of the following have the earliest reference to the partition of landed
(i) Manu Smriti
(ii) Yajnavalkya Smriti
(iii) Narada Smriti