that the king had the supreme ownership of the land.
Reason (R): In these land grants the Gupta emperors, particularly the later
Guptas, transferred comprehensive rights to the donees.
Assertion (A): Under the Guptas, nivi dharma kind of trusteeship of land was
prevalent in many parts of north India.
Reason (R): Nivi dharma kind of land tenure was the only type prevalent in
eastern India also.
Assertion (A): The Nalanda and Gaya copper plate grants of Samudragupta
are the earliest records of the Gupta period that throw light on the agrahara
Reason (R): The above grants give not only financial powers but also
administrative rights to the recipients.
Assertion (A): The Gupta period is rightly called the ‘Golden Age’ of
Sanskrit grammar and literature.
Reason (R): The Sakas and the Kushanas and even the Mahayana Buddhists
patronised Sanskrit much before the imperial Guptas.
Assertion (A): The Gupta empire under the successors of Kumaragupta I was
marked by a general deterioration in the economic conditions.
Reason (R): The coinage of the successors of Kumaragupta I reveal a gradual
decline in their fabric, artistic execution and fineness.
Assertion (A): Itsing was the first Chinese Buddhist pilgrim to visit India
during the Gupta period.
Reason (R): Itsing refers to the donation of some villages to Chinese
Buddhists at Nalanda monastery by Srigupta.
Assertion (A): An overwhelming majority of the Gupta emperors were great
patrons of Vaishnavism.
Reason (R): Most of the rivals of the Guptas, including the Nagas and the
Vakatakas, were staunch Saivites.
Assertion (A): The nomination of Ramagupta as the successor of
Samudragupta is said to have been forced by the sabha, a representative
organisation of the Gupta period.
Reason (R): In the Gupta period the issue of succession to the throne was