Back to Projects JOIN WHATSAPP GROUP Free PSC MCQ 4 Lakhs+ Please Write a Review Current Affairs 2018 to 2022 PYQ 1200 Q/A Part - 1 PYQ 1200 Q/A Part - 2 PYQ 1200 Q/A Part - 3 PYQ 1200 Q/A Part - 4 PYQ 1200 Q/A Part - 5
Kerala PSC Indian History Book Study Materials Page 768Book's First Page
crucial from the point of view of the formation of local and regional states. Even a recent work which stresses the decline of early urban centres as a necessary background for the emergence of early medievalism, does not fail to note that the period seems to have been particularly important for the rise of new states or kingdoms. Leaving out the imperial state of the Guptas, in this period, we can count sixty-nine states spread all over the country. Out of these, forty-eight could be attributed to Maharashtra, eastern Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and Bengal. In a way, the area in which these states are found, formed a continuous zone with gaps. A good part of the zone was a forested plateau largely included in the Vindhyan region. Gupta Proto-Feudal Polity Socio-economic Backdrop The Gupta age was a period of economic expansion, promoted by grants of land to enterprising brahmins in inhospitable and virgin tracts in central India, Deccan and south India. The period saw a marked growth of private property in land, recognised by the law-books and attested by actual sale and purchase of land with gold coins. The economic prosperity of the ruling class is indicated by so many gold coins as do not belong to any other dynasty of ancient India. The use of gold currency strengthened traders and rich artisans, with whose guilds, cash endowments in gold were occasionally deposited. Despite a decrease in foreign trade and urban decline, guilds continued to take part in the economic and administrative set-up of Gupta times, in several towns. Political Backdrop For a total picture of political organisation in Gupta times, we have to bear in mind, the presence of numerous dynasties throughout the length and breadth of the country. Allowing for an element of exaggeration in the account of Harisena, a good many of them were subjugated by Samudragupta, and certainly, western India was conquered by Chandragupta II. Conquests of distant regions made it necessary to evolve some kind of feudatory organisation. In contrast to the Mauryas, the Gupta kings adopted pompous titles such as paramesvara, maharajadhiraja, paramabhattaraka, which signify the existence of lesser kings in their empire.