commemorate the victory of the Chalukyas
The Jain temple is situated on the Pattadakal-Badami road, approximately
half a kilometer from the temple enclosure. A ninth century temple, it has
been built in the Dravidian style and stands adorned with some stunning
The Badami Chalukyas were Brahmanical Hindus, but respected other faiths
too. Great importance came to be attached to Vedic sacrifices and rituals. In
fact, Pulakesin I, the founder of the dynasty, is said to have performed the
asvamedha sacrifice. Quite a few Brahmanical treatises were also composed
during this period. Apart from the orthodox form of Brahmanism, Puranic
religion also grew popular under the Chalukyas. It was, in fact, this
popularity that gave momentum to the building of temples in honour of
Vishnu, Siva and other gods.
From the account of Hiuen Tsang, it is clear that Buddhism was on the
decline in western Deccan. This decline of Buddhism in western Deccan was
in keeping with its general decline throughout India from the fifth and sixth
centuries AD. But Jainism, on the other hand, was steadily increasing its
popularity, and the decline of Buddhism, in fact, helped it.
The central government under the Chalukyas of Badami exercised a
paternalistic control over the village administration, which was unlike the
administrative practice of south India. Thus the main difference between the
Chalukyan administration and that of south Indian rulers like Pallavas and
Cholas, was that the south India rulers allowed a great amount of autonomy
to the village administration, while the Chalukyas of western Deccan did not.
The Chalukyas of Badami are said to have been a great maritime power.
Pulakesin II, with 100 ships, attacked and captured the capital of a hostile
country. The army of the Chalukyas consisted of a small standing army, but
mainly of feudal levies. Army officers seem to have been used in civil