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Kerala PSC Indian History Book Study Materials Page 756Book's First Page
His clash with Harsha, in which he was able to check Harsha’s design to conquer the Deccan. Conquests in the eastern Deccan—southern Kosala, Kalinga, Pistapura and the Banas of Rayalaseema offered their submission after their defeat at the hands of Pulakesin. Conflict with the Pallavas of Kanchi—his first expedition against the Pallava kingdom, which was then ruled by Mahendravarman I was a complete success, and he annexed the northern part of the Pallava kingdom. But his second expedition against the Pallavas, however, ended in complete disaster for himself as well as his own kingdom. The then Pallava ruler, Narasimhavarman I, who succeeded Mahendravarman, not only drove back Chalukya armies, but also invaded the Chalukya kingdom, killed Pulakesin II and captured Badami. Diplomatic achievement—he sent an embassy to the Persian king, Khusrau II, in AD 625 and also received one from him. The reception given to the Persian mission is, in fact, depicted in one of the famous Ajanta cave paintings. Visit of Hiuen Tsang—the description given by this Chinese pilgrim of the kingdom of Pulakesin is quite useful in knowing the social and eco- nomic conditions under the Chalukya rulers of Badami. Vikramaditya 1 (644–81) After an occupation of about 12 years, he not only drove out the Pallava forces, but also consolidated the kingdom and plundered the Pallava capital, Kanchi, thus avenging his father’s defeat and death at the hands of the Pallavas. Vinayaditya (681–93) His reign was generally peaceful and prosperous. Vijayaditya (693–733) It was the longest and also the most prosperous and peaceful reign. It was marked by great increase in temple building. Vikramaditya II (733–44) His reign is significant for the successful invasion of the Pallava kingdom three times, and the repelling of the Arab invasion of south Gujarat. Kirtivarman II (144–55) This last Chalukyan ruler of Badami was defeated by Dantidurga, the founder of the Rashtrakuta dynasty, and thus came an end to the Chalukya dynasty of Badami.