of war. Evidently every feudatory contributed
    Land grants continued to be made to priests for special services rendered
to the state. In addition Harsha is credited with the grant of land to the
officers by charters. These grants allowed more concessions to priests and
officers than those by the earlier grants. Thus, the feudal practice of
rewarding and paying officers with grants of land on a large scale seems to
have begun under Harsha.
Economy under Harsha
The nature of the economy under Harsha became increasingly more feudal
and self-sufficient. The decline of trade and commerce which started during
the Gupta period itself went on unabated under Harsha. This is evident from
the decline of trade centres, paucity of coins and the almost complete
disappearance of guilds of traders and merchants. The decline of trade and
commerce obviously affected the handicrafts and other industries for want of
    This decline affected even agriculture, though indirectly. When trade was
flourishing a great part of the merchandise consisted of food stuffs, and also
most of the raw materials for handicrafts and industries came from
agricultural production. But now there was a lack of large-scale demand for
agricultural goods. So the agriculturist now began to produce only that much
which was required to meet his own needs and those of the locality but not
for the market, both internal and external. This naturally led to the rise of a
self-sufficient village economy, in which all the needs of the village were met
from within, and also marked by an increasing dependence on agriculture.