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Kerala PSC Indian History Book Study Materials Page 741Book's First Page
SULTANGANJ BUDDHA It is 2.3m high and 1m at its widest point and weighs about 500 kg. It was cast by the technique known as the "lost wax" process, in which a solid core of clay is overlaid with wax. The sculptor models the fine details in the wax coating. The wax is covered with a liquid layering of clay and plaster which hardens to form a mould. When heat is applied the wax melts and molten metal is poured in. The finished statue is finally obtained by removing the outer casting when cool. It conveys an image of calm and tranquillity and a spiritual detachment from the material world. The Buddha"s sangathi (monastic robe) clings so closely to the body that it is almost invisible, but for a series of string-like folds, giving the figure a wet-looking appearance. The right hand is raised in abhayamudra (a gesture of reassurance or protection) while the left hand, with palm outward and held downwards indicates the granting of a favour.