did not participate in the administration.
    Among the important military officers are mentioned senapati.
mahasenapati, baladhyaksha. mahabaladhyaksha. baladhikrita and
mahabalad-hikrita who perhaps represented different grades. There were two
other high military officers—the bhatasvapati, commander of the infantry
and cavalry and the katuka, commander of the elephant corps. Another
important       official   mentioned       in    the      Basarh     seals   was
ranabhandagaradhikarana, Chief of the treasury of the war office. One more
high officer, mentioned for the first time in the Gupta records, was
sandhivigrahika or mahasandhivigrahika, a sort of foreign minister.
    One of the inscriptions mentions sarvadhyakshas, superintendents of all,
but it is not clear whether they were central or provincial officers. Numerous
inscriptions mention dutaka or duta who communicated royal commands to
officers and people concerned. Dandapasadhikarana represented the chief of
the police. Ordinary police officials were known as dandapasika. chatas,
bhatas. dandika (chastiser), and chauroddharanika (officer apprehending
    The king maintained a close liaison with the provincial administration
through a class of officials called kumaramatyas and ayuktas. The provinces
called hhuktis were usually governed by officers called uparikas. The
governor of a bhukti has various designations in the official records-bhogika.
gopta, uparika-maharaja and rajasthaniya. Bhuktis were subdivided into
vishayas. These were governed by vishayapatis.
    The headquarter of the district was known as adhishthana and the
executive officers of the district as samvyavahari and ayuktakas. The district
magistrate was helped in his administration by a large staff. They were
maharattaras (village elders), ashtakufadhi-karanikas (officers in-charge of
groups of eight kufas or families in the local area), gramika (village
headman), saulkika (collector of customs and tolls), gaulmika (in-charge of
forests and forts), agraharika (in-charge of the agraharas, settlements
dedicated to Brahmins), Dhruvadhikaranika (incharge of land revenue),
bhandagaradhikrita (treasurel), talavataka (village accountant), utkhetayita
(collector of taxes) and pustapafa (the notary and keeper of records).
    The district records office called akshapatala was placed in charge of
mahakshapatalika. There were