Rajatarangini. According to Hiuen Tsang, his capital was at Sakala (Sialkot
in the Punjab). It appears from all accounts that he was a powerful tyrant
whose sovereignty extended up to Gwalior. Cosmos, an Alexandrian Greek,
in his Christian Topography refers to the power of the White Hunas in India.
Their king Gollas, usually identified with Mihirakula, according to Cosmos,
was the lord of India and forced the people to pay tribute. He remarks ‘The
river Phison separates all the countries of India from the country of the
Hunas.’ Phison is the same as the river Indus and the Huna kingdom,
therefore, was originally confined to the west of the Sindhu.
    Mihirakula was not destined to enjoy his ascendancy for a long time. The
two Indian rulers, Yasodharman of Mandasor and Narasimhagupta, finally
put an end to his power. Yasodharman, an ambitious chief of Malwa, forced
Mihirakula to pay obeisance. Mihirakula was defeated, but this defeat did not
eliminate him as an active factor from Indian political scene. Yasodharman’s
fall which happened soon after, emboldened the Huna chief to renew his
marauding activities.
    The Gupta king, Narasimhagupta Baladitya, felt the full brunt of
Mihirakula’s attack when the former had already been overwhelmed by the
unrelenting pressure of Yasodharman. According to Hiuen Tsang,
Narasimhagupta was forced to the humiliating position of paying tribute to
Mihirakula. But in the long run he triumphed over his adversary. Hiuen
Tsang describes in great detail how the Huna chief invaded Magadha, was
ambushed and defeated by king Baladitya. The recent discovery of an
inscription at Nalanda where Narasimhagupta is described as ‘the great king
of irresistible valour, who vanquished all the foes’ seems to confirm
Narasimhagupta’s victory. Mihirakula sought safety in Kashmir, but died
soon after. The Hunas already weakened by Mihirakula’s defeat were no
longer a source of potential danger to India, although their existence is known
even in later times.
Gupta Administration
The inscriptions mention the following titles as usual for Guptas:
paramadvaita,        para-mabhattaraka.         maharajadhiraja,    prithvipala.
paramesvara, samrat, ekadhiraja and chakravartin. The king was assisted in