In the beginning of the 6th century AD, a Huna chief named Toramana,
proceeding from Gandhara, advanced right up to Malwa. His invasion took
place at a time when the Gupta imperial family was passing through one of
the most critical periods of its history. But his success proved ephemeral due
to the defeat he met with at the hands of Bhanugupta in AD 510. His coins
show that he ruled over parts of Uttar Pradesh, Rajputana, Punjab and
Kashmir. According to a Jaina work he was converted to that faith and lived
at Pavaiya on the bank of the Chandrabhaga (Chenab river).