that he had married off one of his daughters
Varman kings, who ruled independently in the neighbourhood of Mandasore
over a great part of Malwa, without recognising the supremacy of the Guptas.
They also give us a clue about the date of the occupation of that area by the
Guptas, when they are viewed along with the stone inscription of
Kumaragupta 1. Inscriptions of Toramana and Mihirakula also furnish details
about the decline of the Guptas.
Later Inscriptions The Rashtrakuta copper plates, while eulogising their
rulers, have made reflections on the Gupta emperor, Chandragupta II, though
he is not directly named. The Sarnath inscription of Pakataditya and Nalanda
inscription of Yasodharman also indirectly give us information regarding the
Numismatic Evidence
Internal Evidence The internal evidence of a coin series helps us in the
reconstruction of the history of the rulers in more than one way. They inform
us of some important events of his reign not known from other sources (e.g.
the asvamedha type of coins of Kumaragupta I). They hint towards some
unusual political developments like the Kumaradevi type coins of
Chandragupta I. They give an insight into the religious feelings of the king
who issued them and thus help us to form an idea of the general atmosphere
in his court. The types issued by Samudragupta create an impression that his
reign was marked by unusual military activity. Those issued by Chandragupta
II give the impression that the atmosphere in the Gupta court during his reign
had become more sophisticated.
External Evidence The fabric and style of a coin may be of fine execution
or it may be degenerate. Though it is not always safe to make inferences from
stylistic variations, it sometimes helps to form an idea of the political
conditions determining the sequence of events and ideas. For instance, the
coinage of the successors of Kumaragupta I reveal a gradual decline in their
artistic execution and finesse. It not only indicates the general deterioration in
the economic conditions of the empire but also helps us in assigning a
probable date to a king who is not known from other sources.
Literary Evidence