THE GUPTAS AND THEIR
           SUCCESSORS (AD 300–750)
GENERAL SURVEY
North India
Sources An overview of the research on the Gupta period clearly
demonstrates the intense interests of the historian and the archaeologist in this
age. This is understandable in view of the availability of diverse types of
materials, archaeological and literary, which speak highly of the relative
political stability in the subcontinent and legendary achievements in creative
cultural activities. The north Indian scene is dominated by the Imperial
Guptas, while the contemporary Deccan is marked by the rise of the
Vakatakas. Though there is nothing new about the political history of the
Guptas, the history of the Vakatakas is now better understood with the recent
discovery of a number of inscriptions.
Rule of Vakatakas The significant point is that epigraphic discoveries help
us understand better, the accounts of the two branches of this ruling family:
the main branch with its seat of power at Ramagiri, present Ramtek near
Nagpur, Maharashtra and the other branch ruling from Vatsgulma, Bassim in
the Akola district, Maharashtra. The emergence of two different branches of
the same ruling house, founded by Vindhyasakti, is dated to 335 AD. The
main branch appears to have had ten rulers, exercising their authority from
the middle of the third century AD (i.e., after the downfall of the Satavahana
kingdom) to about 507 AD (the last ruler being Prithvisena II). To the Bassim
branch belonged six rulers who held sway from 335 to about 500 AD. Thus,
both the branches ceased to exist almost simultaneously.
Later Guptas and Huna Invaders North India experienced the continuity
of the Gupta rule, though the