Reason (R): Krishna was approved and accepted in the Vedic pantheon by
the Aryans from the very beginning.
. Assertion (A): In Brahmanical religion the folk element was originally given
a lot of prominence.
Reason (R): In the list of five principal Puranic deities, Ganesa, an amalgam
of yaksa and naga, was assigned the first place.
. Assertion (A): Nayanars represented the emotional side of south Indian
Reason (R): Vaishnava acharyas supplemented the wave of Vishnu bhakti on
its doctrinal side.
. Assertion (A): Rudra was the Vedic counterpart of the pre-Vedic Pasupati
Reason (R): Rudra was the first proto-Siva according to the available
evidence of all types.
. Assertion (A): Tantrism was acquired by Saktism from Vajrayanism.
Reason (R): Most of the surviving literature on the. tantric form of Sakti
worship were composed in medieval times.
. Assertion (A): Kings of all four castes are known to have ruled.
Reason (R): Brahmanism failed to uphold varnadharma.
. Assertion (A): At least one Brahmanical source describes certain republican
tribes as degenerate Kshatriyas and even Sudras.
Reason (R): Republics ceased to honour the Brahmins and to observe Vedic
Consider the following statements about ganarajyas (republics) and find out
the one which is not correct.
(a) The republics consisted of either a single tribe or a confederacy of tribes.
(b) The corporate aspect of government was held to be the major strength of
(c) The assembly was presided over by the raja, whose post was hereditary.
(d) The matter for discussion was placed before the assembly and debated,
and if a unanimous decision could not be reached, it was put to vote.
Who is the first Indian king to stress the need for efficient administration?