‘For one who is born, death is certain, and certain is birth to one who dies.
For this reason, you should not grieve over what is inevitable.’ This is
attributed to:
(a) Mahavira
(b) Gautama Buddha
(c) Vasudeva Krishna
(d) Sankaracharya
Darius I sent his admiral to explore Indus val- ley before his expedition in
517-516 BC which resulted in the annexation of a part of Punjab. Who was
the admiral?
(a) Skylax
(b) Cyrus
(c) Nikator
(d) Descartes
The parishads or assemblies of monarchies which held their meetings in the
open halls were known as
(a) Kulakshetras
(b) Ganas
(c) Sanghas
(d) Santhagaras
Assertion and Reason
Mark (a) if both Assertion (A) and Reason (R) are true, and (R) explains (A).
Mark (b) if both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) does not explain or justify (A).
Mark (c) if only (A) is true.
Mark (d) if only (R) is true.
Assertion (A): Some Gurjara-Pratihara kings of the early medieval period
were initiated Saktas.
Reason (R): They are described in the inscriptions as parama bhagavata
. Assertion (A): Sakti worship gained popularity in the Gupta period.
Reason (R): The Gangadhara stone inscription of the fifth century AD
records the tantric form of worship  of the divine mother.