Mark (d) if ‘A’ and R’ are correct and ‘R’ does not explain ‘A’.
. Assertion (A): Buddhist monasteries were attacked by many foreigners who
invaded Indian.
Reason (R): The monasteries were used by the indigenous rulers as centres of
resistance.
. Assertion (A): An important feature of the Buddhist architecture is the
column.
Reason (R): Columns existed in many ancient Buddhist monasteries.
. Assertion (A): Buddha did not explain clearly his conception of nirvana.
Reason (R): The basis of the teachings of Buddha is the law of karma which
is inexorable.
. Assertion (A): The adaptability of Buddhism helped it in spreading rapidly.
Reason (R): Buddha had empowered the Buddhist councils to take important
decisions so far as the minor precepts were concerned.
. Assertion (A): Vajrayana cult appeared in eastern India in the eighth century
AD.
Reason (R): From the end of the Gupta period Indian religion became more
and more permeated with primitive ideas of sympathetic magic and sexual
mysticism.
. Assertion (A): Yogachara school produced many important philosophers
and logicians.
Reason (R): Yogachara school is very popular and influential than
Madhyamika school.
. Assertion (A): Buddhists accept the precept to refrain from banning living
beings.
Reason (R): Buddhism precludes Buddhists from eating meat.
Of the following statements which are true?
(i) The sacred books of Jainas tell us that Rishabha was the founder of
Jainism.
(ii) Parsvanatha was the 23rd tirthankara of Jainism.
(iii) According to the Kalpasutra of Bhadrabahu, Parsvanatha was son of
Asvasena, a Kshatriya king of Banaras.