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Kerala PSC Indian History Book Study Materials Page 678Book's First Page
Mark (d) if ‘A’ and R’ are correct and ‘R’ does not explain ‘A’. . Assertion (A): Buddhist monasteries were attacked by many foreigners who invaded Indian. Reason (R): The monasteries were used by the indigenous rulers as centres of resistance. . Assertion (A): An important feature of the Buddhist architecture is the column. Reason (R): Columns existed in many ancient Buddhist monasteries. . Assertion (A): Buddha did not explain clearly his conception of nirvana. Reason (R): The basis of the teachings of Buddha is the law of karma which is inexorable. . Assertion (A): The adaptability of Buddhism helped it in spreading rapidly. Reason (R): Buddha had empowered the Buddhist councils to take important decisions so far as the minor precepts were concerned. . Assertion (A): Vajrayana cult appeared in eastern India in the eighth century AD. Reason (R): From the end of the Gupta period Indian religion became more and more permeated with primitive ideas of sympathetic magic and sexual mysticism. . Assertion (A): Yogachara school produced many important philosophers and logicians. Reason (R): Yogachara school is very popular and influential than Madhyamika school. . Assertion (A): Buddhists accept the precept to refrain from banning living beings. Reason (R): Buddhism precludes Buddhists from eating meat. Of the following statements which are true? (i) The sacred books of Jainas tell us that Rishabha was the founder of Jainism. (ii) Parsvanatha was the 23rd tirthankara of Jainism. (iii) According to the Kalpasutra of Bhadrabahu, Parsvanatha was son of Asvasena, a Kshatriya king of Banaras.