even the contemporary economic laws.
Reason (R): The Smriti laws of the period denounced trade associations and
. Assertion (A): The famous Kharavela of Kalinga belonged to the Cheta
Reason (R): The Chetas continued to have their sway over Kalinga till the
post-Gupta period.
. Assertion (A): Rudradaman I, the most famous Saka ruler in India, started
the Saka era in 78 AD.
Reason (R): Vikramaditya, King of Ujjain, after his victory over the Sakas,
began the Vikrama era in 58 BC.
. Assertion (A): The movement of the Kushanas first into the lower Indus and
later into Malwa was motivated by economic need.
Reason (R): The period between 200 Be and 300 AD was a period of thriving
trade and considerable economic prosperity in these areas.
. Assertion (A): The economic impact of trade, especially external trade, is
more evident in the south than in the north.
Reason (R): At Arikamedu even a few months of excavations have revealed a
considerable mass of Mediterranean artifacts, while many years of
excavations at Taxila reveal only a few pieces.
. Assertion (A): The Mathura school of art owed much to the earlier Indian art
traditions of Bharhut, Gaya and Sanchi.
Reason (R): The attempt to display spiritual strength by a nimbus behind the
faces of the images began with the Mathura school.
Which of the following statements is incorrect about the post-Mauryan
(a) Maintenance of the existing social institutions was regarded as the chief
function of the king.
(b) The king’s power was buttressed by the deliberate adoption of
superstitions and propagation of divinity.
(c) Propaganda and communication were widely used to bring about
fundamental changes in the social order.
(d) Some literature was composed to make the moral and social changes
acceptable to the people.