correct, but ‘R’ does not justify or explain
degree of perfection.
Reason (R): Spinning was a part-time occupation of women.
. Assertion (A): Some wives preferred to die with their husbands and earn
fame as satis.
Reason (R): The lot of widows was a hard one. They had to cut off their hair,
discard all ornaments, and only eat the plainest food.
. Assertion (A): Martial arts were given a back seat by the Sangam people.
Reason (R): To the warrior a peaceful death in bed was looked upon as a
disgrace.
. Assertion (A): The military camp was an elaborate affair with streets and
roads.
Reason (R): Soldiers, who died fighting, were commemorated by virakkal.
. Assertion (A): The king often sent selected generals to lead the army.
Reason (R): If the king was killed or seriously injured in the midst of fight,
the army gave up the struggle and accepted defeat.
. Assertion (A): The conquered country was at times ruthlessly laid waste,
even cornfields not being spared.
Reason (R): The vanquished king’s kadimaram was usually spared by the
victorious army.
. Assertion (A): The most powerful kings were expected to undertake a
digvijaya.
Reason (R): Digvijaya was a conquering expedition in an anti-clockwise
direction over the whole of India, except the south.
. Assertion (A): The elders were expected to set aside their personal quarrels
when they attended the avai.
Reason (R): The elders assisted the king in the adjudication of disputes.
. Assertion (A): Differences in status and economic conditions were accepted
by all as part of the established order.
Reason (R): There is little evidence of any tendency to protest or revolt
against the order.